How to crochet: For Absolute beginners

Welcome! I’m so glad you decided to learn how to crochet! This is a craft that is super easy and fun to do because when you get the hang of it you can make just about anything. All you need to do is get used to holding your hook and your yarn, make a slip knot, crochet a chain and your good to go! In addition you will also learn how to crochet one of the basic crochet stitches, the single crochet.

In the beginning of my crochet journey I watched a ton of videos and tutorials on you tube to make sure I get this right. I’m sort of a perfectionist and wanted my projects to look exactly like they did in the photo’s and videos. However, practice makes perfect! You need to make some sample squares in the beginning to get the feel for how to hold your hook and yarn and to make sure you understand your tension. Don’t worry if you end up with a lot of squares! You can connect them and make a blanket at the end! How cool is that?!

In this written tutorial I am going to show you how to hold your hook and yarn, make a slip knot, crochet a chain, single crochet and to finish off and weave in your ends.

What you will need to start:

What you will need to start crocheting. Yarn, a hook, a darning needle and scissors

I recommend that you start off with a thicker yarn and the hook recommend by the yarn label.

That said, how do you know what to look for when you go yarn shopping? On the yarn label you will see the number showing what size your yarn is, it looks like this:

Yarn label showing what size yarn it is and what size hook it calls for

This is the label showing what size your yarn is. When you start, you will look for the size 4 and up.

The yarn label usually states what size hook you will need. For size 4 yarn you will need a hook size 5.5mm or size I-9.

How to hold your hook:

Firstly everybody is different. There are no right or wrong way for holding your crochet hook.

But there are two common ways for holding it, the knife hold and the pencil hold.

Knife hold
Knife Hold
Pencil hold
Pencil Hold

I use the knife hold as it feels much more comfortable for me. But it is totally up to you!

How to make a slip knot:

Before we get to how to hold your yarn, we are going to make a slip knot and place it on your hook!

The slip knot is most commonly used to start your crochet project. You will need to know this, as almost all patterns don’t instruct you to make one at the beginning of the pattern. If you had to do something else, like when your making toys/amigurumi, the pattern will call for a “magic circle”, but we’ll get to that in the next tutorial.

Here’s how to make a slip knot:

  • Measure out around 3 inches of yarn. Grab the yarn with three fingers and point your index finger outward. Just like making a finger gun! šŸ™‚
  • Wrap the yarn over your index finger once with the short end at the front of your finger.
Grab the yarn with three fingers and point your index finger outward
Wrap the yarn over your index finger with the short end at the front of your finger
  • Wrap the yarn around your finger once again, so that you have two “loops” around your finger.
  • Grab both ends, the short tail and the long tail (attached to the ball of yarn), also known as the working yarn, with your thumb and middle finger.
Wrap the yarn around your finer once again, so that you have two loops around your finger.
Grab both ends, the short tail attached to the ball of yarn, also known as the working yarn, with your thumb and middle finger.
  • Take the back loop and pull it over the front loop, but don’t pull it off all the way.
Take the back loop and pull it over the front loop, but don't pull it off all the way.
Don't pull the loop off all the way
  • Now take the back loop and pull it off your finger completely and tighten the knot. Make sure not to make it super tight because you want the slip knot to be able to slip up and down.
Now take the back loop.
Pull the back loop off all the way.

Ta-da! You made your first slip knot!

Insert your hook into the slip knot and pull on the working yarn. Make sure the tail end faces towards the hook.

Tighten the knot
Insert the hook into the loop
Tighten the slip knot on the hook

How to hold your yarn:

Okay, we’ve learned how to hold your hook and how to make slip knot, now we conjure on to how to hold your yarn.

Isn’t this exciting?! šŸ™‚

The way you hold your yarn determines how tight or loose your tension will be. Whether you are right handed or left handed, your hand needs to be relaxed holding the yarn. Not too tight or too loose.

This is again, is totally up to you, but this is the way I hold mine.

How to hold the yarn
  • With your slip knot connected to the hook, hook in your working hand – place the yarn between your middle and index finger.
  • Wrap the yarn around your pinky, coming back up to the front of your index finger. Then wrap it to the back of your finger.
Place the yarn between your middle and index finger
Wrap the yarn around your finger

Wrap it to the back of your finger

Again, you can determine how you hold your yarn so that it flows easily through your hand as you crochet. Whatever you are comfortable with.

How to make a chain:

You’ve come so far already! Crocheting your first chain can be daunting because it still feels a bit weird.. But you will certainly get the hang of it the more you practice!

So you have your slip knot on your hook, now you need to hold the slip knot in place with your thumb and middle finger against your hook.

Start to make a chain
  • To make a chain, bring your yarn over your hook from back to front and grab it with your hook. Pull the hooked yarn through the slip knot.
Yarn over your hook
Pull it through the loop on your hook
The first chain on your hook

And that’s it, your first chain! Yay!! Repeat this step until you have 21 chains. The loop on your hook does not count as a chain. Your chain should look something like this:

Foundation chain and hook

For the chain you need to remember that practice makes perfect. Your chain needs to be loose enough so that you can see through the chain. You will notice if it is too tight when you work into the chain and can’t fit your hook through the chain. If your tension is still a bit too tight, you can switch to a bigger size hook. This will make the chain a bit looser.

Let’s take a closer look at your chain…

The picture below shows how to count your chain stitches. For the next part you will work into these stitches.

A closer look at your foundation chain

Still a bit confused? šŸ™‚

I made a tutorial on YouTube that shows you everything I just mentioned above in a quick 8 minute video!! (Yay!!!) Click here!

Remember to subscribe to my YouTube Channel and click the notification bell to be notified when a new video is posted!

The single crochet

Okay, lets learn how to crochet the single crochet stitch!

Click here for the YouTube Tutorial! šŸ™‚

Keep an eye out on how I hold my chain between my middle finger and thumb, as you work down your chain move the work down using your fingers.

  • Skip the first chain and insert your hook into the center of the next chain.
To single crochet, skip the first chain
Insert the hook into the second chain from the hook
  • Bring your yarn over your hook from back to front and grab it with your hook (also known as Yarn over), and pull through the chain and up your hook. There should be two loops on your hook.
Yarn over hook
Pull through the chain, two loops on the hook
  • Bring your yarn over your hook from back to front and grab it with your hook, and pull through both loops on your hook. One loop remains on your hook. You’ve just made your first single crochet!
Yarn over the hook
Pull through both loops on the hook
  • Continue to make 19 single crochet down the entire chain. Your chain of single crochet should look something like this and you should have 20 single crochets in total:
Continue to single crochet down the foundation chain

Moving on to the next row:

  • Now, to start crocheting on the top of the chain you need to chain 1 (yarn over, pull through the loop on your hook). This chain 1 is the turning chain. The turning chain helps to keep your sides of your work straight.
Chain one to start with the second row
  • Turn your work the same way every time. It doesn’t matter which way you turn your work, as long as you turn it the same way every time.
Turn your work
  • To continue down the row, insert your hook into the last single crochet you made in the previous row. Have a look down below. you will see that this is the single crochet next to the chain 1.
Insert the hook into the first stitch
The stitch from the top shows the V-shape of the stitch.
  • Notice in the picture above, how the stitch looks. You should put your hook through both the front and back loop of the stitch. You will see that it looks like a V.
  • Yarn over and pull through the stitch, you have two loops on your hook.
Yarn over the hook
Two loops on the hook
  • Yarn over and pull through, and you’ve completed your single crochet on the second row.
Yarn over once more
Pull through both loops on the hook

And that’s about it! You can crochet! So if you want to use this square as just a sample piece, you can practice how to the weave in the ends too! Below I’ll show you how to finish off and weave in your ends!

Finish off and weave in the ends

Cutting the yarn is the most satisfying feeling (other than seeing your finished product of course).

Patterns will call for FO / Finish off which means the dame thing as cut your yarn and tighten the loop. Below are photo’s of the process for both finishing off and weaving in the ends. (It’s really super easy)

To finish off, yarn over

At the end of your project, yarn over like for when you make a chain 1.

Pull through the loop

Pull the loop about an inch outward.

Cut the yarn

Keeping your yarn on the hook, lay down your project and measure about 2 inches on the working yarn. Cut the yarn at the 2 inch mark.

Pull the yarn completely through the loop

Now take your hook and pull the yarn completely through the loop.

Weaving in the ends

Insert yarn into darning needle

To weave in the ends, push the piece of yarn through the eye of the yarn needle.

Pull the yarn through the eye of the needle

Pull the yarn through enough so that it is long enough for you to grab a hold of.

Insert darning needle into bottom row

I usually go through the back of the first stitch to get to the bottom row.

Pull through to weave in the ends

Insert the needle through the top of the stitch downward, making sure to not go through the other side.

Pull the yarn tightly

Pull the needle through but not to tightly as you don’t want your work to curl.

Insert the needle again

Weave in the needle into the bottom row where your yarn came out.

Pull through the yarn

Pull the needle through, again not to tightly.

Cut the yarn close to the work

Take our the needle from the yarn and cut the yarn close to your work. If a little piece shows, you can stretch the row a little until it disapears.

Finished product.

And that’s it! šŸ™‚

You can now continue to practice the single crochet by making more squares for a blanket / throw.

In conclusion, I really enjoyed creating this tutorial for you! Please feel free to comment if you have any questions and don’t forget to follow me on all my social media platforms! Also, subscribe to the newsletter so you get all the newest tutorials and best of all free patterns!

I hope to see you at the next tutorial!

Please share this post on the socials šŸ™‚

34 Comments

  1. Your instructions are very easy to understand and have helped me a lot. I want to thank you because I have tried to figure it out on my own for a long time and I was doing it wrong and the hard way. I’m anxious to practice now and to keep learning more!!!!

    1. thank you so much this was so helpful! quick question though. once you have a bunch of little squares how do you turn them into a blanket?

      1. Hi Olivia, once you have a bunch of little squares you can either connect them using a yarn needle and some yarn and sew them together or you can crochet them together with your hook. Look out for my tutorial on You Tube coming soon!

  2. Thank you for sharing your talent and in a way I can better understand . I look forward to proceeding to your next lesson.

  3. Thank you so much for teaching us the basics for beginners. It helps a lot. Step by step. Great teaching skills. What is the basic rule for turning, and keeping from missing a stitch. I have trouble with that. Thanks

    1. Hi Gloria! Thank you for your kind words! They mean so much to me!:)And I am so happy to help you! The basic rule on turning is to always turn in the same direction which is, if you are right handed, from right to left (like turning a page in a book), so that your working yarn is on the back of your work. To keep you from missing a stitch – try to keep count of your stitches (count every stitch) and use stitch markers in your first and last stitch to help you see the stitch better and to keep you from missing those important stitches and your edges will be neat and straight every time! Hope this helps! xxx

  4. Haha I have a rectangle not a square but the stitches look the same. Hoping this will lead to a blanket someday. Thank you

    1. Hello Brigitte!! Thank you so much for reaching out! So crochet works just the same for lefties than for righties šŸ™‚ Then only thing that is different is where right handed people go from right to left, you will go from left to right. I will definitely be making a video in the new year and will make it for both left and right handed people. I will also update this post next week that will include instructions and pictures for lefties! So keep an eye out for next week! šŸ™‚ Have an awesome day!!

  5. Thank you so much for this, I’m a beginner. I just realized I’ve been making a lot of mistakes in crocheting from when I was doing it in my younger days. Lol

  6. Amazingly detailed and made easy tutorial ,I learned and made the whole pattern with your tutorial. Absolutely loved it ,ty so much ā¤, want to learn more specially how to make sweaters.

    1. Thank you for your wonderful feedback! I’m so glad that I was able to help you! Keep on practicing and you will be able to crochet just about anything in no time!

      1. This was SO helpful! You’re great at teaching. My grandmother bought me my first yarn and needles a few years ago and I never really got past 1 chain. Tonight, I was able to do a couple rows thanks to your pictures and instructions. It was a lot less daunting than I remember. Progress!

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